Climate change refers to long-term shifts in weather patterns and average temperatures on a global scale. It is primarily caused by human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, which release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. These gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), trap heat from the sun and result in the greenhouse effect, leading to a gradual increase in the Earth’s overall temperature. Climate change encompasses various interconnected phenomena, including rising sea levels, extreme weather events like hurricanes and droughts, melting polar ice, and shifts in ecosystems. Mitigating climate change involves reducing greenhouse gas emissions, transitioning to cleaner and renewable energy sources, adapting to its impacts, and implementing sustainable practices across sectors.
Reference 1: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Reference 2: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
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