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Net-zero emissions

**Net-zero emissions** refers to a state of balance between the amount of greenhouse gas emissions produced and the amount removed from the atmosphere. Achieving net-zero means that any carbon dioxide (CO2) or other greenhouse gases added to the atmosphere are balanced by an equivalent amount being taken out, effectively bringing the net addition of these gases to zero. This concept is crucial for mitigating climate change, as it aims to stabilize and eventually reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere to limit global warming.

Reaching net-zero emissions typically involves a combination of reducing existing emissions through improved energy efficiency, transitioning to renewable and cleaner sources of energy, and implementing technologies or practices that capture and store carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, such as afforestation, reforestation, and carbon capture and storage technologies. The term is often used in the context of national or international climate goals, where countries commit to achieving net-zero emissions by a certain date to fulfill their part in international agreements like the Paris Agreement.

For more detailed information and a deeper understanding of net-zero emissions, please refer to the following sources:

1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – The IPCC provides scientific assessments on climate change, its implications, and potential future risks, as well as putting forward adaptation and mitigation strategies. Their reports and summaries for policymakers are valuable resources for understanding net-zero emissions within the larger context of climate science.
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2. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) – The UNFCCC offers extensive information on international efforts to combat climate change, including the objective of achieving net-zero emissions globally. They provide resources, news, and insights surrounding the policies and cooperative actions countries are undertaking to meet their climate goals.
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