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Ammonia (NH3) is a colorless gas with a distinctive pungent smell. It is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen and is a critical chemical in the production of fertilizers, which is a primary use for ammonia. It is also utilized in various industrial and commercial applications including refrigeration, cleaning products, and the manufacture of plastics, explosives, and pharmaceuticals. In its liquid form, ammonia can also be used as a transport fuel or for power generation, offering a potential low-carbon alternative to fossil fuels in certain applications due to its ability to capture, store, and release hydrogen.

Ammonia is produced through a chemical process known as the Haber-Bosch process, which combines nitrogen from the air with hydrogen derived from natural gas or other sources under high pressure and temperature in the presence of a catalyst to produce ammonia.

Despite its usefulness, ammonia is a hazardous material, and its production is energy-intensive and a significant source of carbon dioxide emissions if produced from fossil fuels. As such, there is a growing interest in developing “green” ammonia production methods that utilize renewable energy sources to minimize environmental impact.

Here are two references where you can find more information about ammonia:

1. The International Fertilizer Association (IFA)
IFA is a trade association representing the global fertilizer industry. IFA promotes the efficient and responsible production, distribution, and use of plant nutrients. Their website provides comprehensive industry-focused information on ammonia, its production, and its applications in agriculture.

2. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The EPA is an agency of the U.S. federal government tasked with protecting human health and the environment. Their website contains detailed information on ammonia, including its uses, health risks, and regulatory information pertaining to the storage, handling, and reporting of ammonia emissions.

Please ensure that you visit these links for the most current information, as web content can frequently change.

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