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Penetration graded bitumen

Penetration Graded Bitumen

Penetration graded bitumen is a classification of asphalt products that are categorized based on their hardness or consistency. The term “penetration” in this context refers to the distance that a standard needle will penetrate into the bitumen sample under specific conditions of temperature, load, and time. This measure gives a general idea of the bitumen’s performance characteristics, particularly its firmness and susceptibility to deformation under loading.

Penetration grading is an empirical system used to describe the physical properties of bitumen, indicating its suitability for certain climatic conditions or traffic loads. The penetration test is conducted at 25 degrees Celsius, and the bitumen is graded based on the penetration number (expressed in tenths of a millimeter). Common grades include 40/50, 60/70, 80/100, etc., where the lower the penetration grade number, the harder the asphalt, and the less it will deform under traffic load. These grades are crucial in the construction and maintenance of roads and various infrastructure projects, as they help in determining which bitumen grade is most appropriate for a given application.

For more comprehensive information on penetration graded bitumen, you can visit the following websites:

1. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International)
Specific information about penetration graded bitumen can be found in the relevant ASTM standards, such as ASTM D946/D946M which outlines specifications for penetration-graded asphalt cement.

2. The Asphalt Institute
The Asphalt Institute provides a wide range of knowledge on asphalt technologies and standards, including details on various grades of bitumen. They often have manuals and publications on best practices in the industry, as well as online courses or seminars that delve into the specifics of asphalt products like penetration graded bitumen.

Please note that the provided websites are homepages of organizations where specific information about penetration graded bitumen can be researched further. The exact URL for bitumen-related content may vary as web pages are updated or restructured; therefore, it might be necessary to use the search function on these websites or contact the organization directly for the most current and comprehensive materials related to penetration graded bitumen.

This A.I.-generated glossary is intended to provide a convenient means to understand terminology used on this website in the context of physical commodities trading. Some terms may have alternative and/or expanded definitions that may not be relevant here and thus not included. Sources provided are for reference and not intended to be an endorsement of the broader content on that website. Suggestions, questions, or corrections can be provided in the comment box on definition pages.