Vacuum Gas Oil (VGO) is a type of intermediate feedstock derived from crude oil refining. It is produced during the vacuum distillation process, which occurs after the initial atmospheric distillation of crude oil. During this stage, heavier oils left over from the initial distillation are further separated under high vacuum conditions at low temperatures. VGO is a heavy petroleum fraction, with a higher boiling point than the lighter fractions such as naphtha and kerosene.
In the refining industry, Vacuum Gas Oil is highly sought after for its ability to be processed into various valuable end products, such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. The properties of VGO make it ideal for conversion into these higher-value products through processes like cracking and hydrocracking, where large hydrocarbon molecules are broken down into smaller, more useful ones.
VGO is typically characterized by its API gravity, a measure of its density relative to water, and its sulfur content. Refiners often adjust their processes based on the characteristics of the VGO in order to meet the specifications of the end products they are producing.
For further information on Vacuum Gas Oil, you can visit these reputable sources:
1. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA):
Visit the official EIA website to explore comprehensive data, analysis, and information on VGO as part of their wider coverage on petroleum and other energy commodities:
2. American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM):
AFPM offers a range of resources related to the petrochemical industry, which can provide details on the refining process, including the production and usage of VGO:
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